Science and technology can promote the development of productive forces by changing production tools and production relations. I believe everyone knows that science and technology are the primary productive forces. So what is the most advanced technology in primary productive forces? let us see.

Little horse tells a story:

Technology changes the world. Recently, the media has counted the top ten technological breakthroughs that are most likely to change the world in the future.

1. Magic Leap virtual reality technology.

Magic Leap is a start-up company that studies augmented reality (or mixed reality) technology. It currently invests more than $500 million to develop a new cool 3D image display product. Magic Leap products are a bit like current headsets, which can project the virtual world in the real environment.

Technology maturity time: 1 to 3 years

Significance: This technology will bring new opportunities to industries such as movies, games, travel, and telecommunications.

Key players: Magic Leap and Microsoft.

2. Nano-architecture. Scientists at the California Institute of Technology invented a micro-lattice that allows the material structure to be precisely tailored to ensure strength and elasticity while being very light.

Technology maturity time: 3 to 5 years

Significance: Lighter structural materials will be very energy efficient and have a wide range of uses.

Key participants: Julia Greer of California Institute of Technology, William Carter of HRL Laboratories, Nicholas Fang of MIT, and Lawrence-Livu Christopher Spadaccini of Mozambique National Laboratory.

3. Communication between cars. Through this simple wireless technology, cars can communicate with each other, thereby reducing car accidents.

Technology maturity time: 1 to 2 years

Significance: Every year, more than 1 million people worldwide die as a result of car accidents.

Key participants: General Motors, University of Michigan, National Highway Traffic Safety Commission.

4. Google Project Loon. Project Loon uses high-altitude balloons to provide reliable low-cost Internet access services that can cover remote areas around the world.

Technology maturity time: 1 to 2 years

Significance: Internet connectivity can bring better education and new economic opportunities to the 4.3 billion unconnected people around the world.

Key players: Google and Facebook.

5. Liquid slicing technology.

A blood test using DNA sequencing equipment helps to detect cancer as early as possible.

Technology maturity time: now

Significance: Currently, worldwide, cancer causes approximately 8 million deaths each year.

Key participants: Dennis Lo (Dennis Lo) of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Illumina, and Bert Vogelstein (Bert Vogelstein) of Johns Hopkins University.

6. Large-scale seawater desalination. The cost of desalination will drop significantly and support most of a country’s water use.

Technology maturity time: now

Significance: At present, the world’s clean water sources can no longer meet the needs of more and more people.

Key players: IDE Technologies, Poseidon Water, Desalitech, Evoqua.

7. Mobile payment.

Apple’s mobile payment service allows users to turn their mobile phones into wallets in their daily lives, realizing fast and safe payments. Of course, the most advanced mobile payment is Alipay.

Technology maturity time: now

Significance: Credit card fraud cases have brought harm to the economy, while also increasing the cost of goods and services.

Key players: Apple, Visa, MasterCard, Google.

8. Brain cell cluster cultivation.

Through this technology, nerve cells can be developed in a petri dish until these cells develop the characteristics of a living human brain, so that scientists can directly observe the development and activity of living human brain cells, and how these cells are affected by various drugs. Effects of mixtures or genetic modification.

Technology maturity time: now

Significance: Researchers need new ways to understand brain diseases and test possible treatments.

Key players: Madeline Lancaster and Jurgen Knoblich of the Institute of Molecular Biology Technology, and Rudolph Tanzi of the Massachusetts General Hospital Tanzi) and Kim Doo Yeon.

9. Accelerated photosynthesis.

Through this advanced genetic tool, the speed at which food crops convert energy from sunlight will be greatly increased, thereby increasing food production and providing food to more people around the world.

Technology maturity time: 10 to 15 years

Significance: Food production will be able to grow rapidly to meet the needs of more and more people.

Key participants: Paul Quick from the International Rice Research Institute, Daniel Voytas from the University of Minnesota, Julian Hibberd from the University of Cambridge, and Julian Hibberd from the Australian National University Susanne von Caemmerer.

10. DNA Internet technology.

This technical standard enables DNA databases to communicate.

Technology maturity time: 1 to 2 years

Significance: Your treatment plan can draw on the experience of millions of other people.

Key participants: Global Alliance for Genes and Health, Google, Personal Gene Project.

If you understand nuclear weapons, you will know two kinds of sayings: nuclear fission and nuclear fusion. Although the difference between the two is only one word, the principle is different. The principle of nuclear fission stimulates atoms to undergo chain fission reactions to release huge energy. This is the basic principle of atomic bombs. The principle of nuclear fusion is that when the distance between two nuclei is very close, their attraction is greater than the electrostatic repulsion, and they may gather together and release huge energy at the same time. The specific method is to use the atomic bomb as a detonator to create an ultra-high temperature and high pressure environment, allowing protium and deuterium to undergo nuclear fusion reactions. This is the principle of becoming a hydrogen bomb and is also called a thermonuclear weapon. Both of these methods can release huge energy. Nuclear fission is better controlled, so controllable nuclear fission technology emerges, that is, the current nuclear reactor. People can use its huge energy for power generation and other purposes, that is, for peaceful use. . Nuclear fusion is difficult to control and cannot be used for peaceful purposes at present, but people’s dream of achieving controlled nuclear fusion has never stopped because it is so attractive. It does not use terrible materials such as uranium or plutonium. It is deuterium and tritium in seawater, which are isotopes of hydrogen, which can be said to be very safe and environmentally friendly.

One of the early nuclear research projects of mankind, nuclear fusion, is as important as nuclear fission. The earliest controllable nuclear fusion research equipment was built in the former Soviet Union in the 1950s. It was called the tokamak device, but unfortunately thereafter The research is caught in very big difficulties. This difficulty eventually led to it becoming a pure scientific research project, a cutting-edge technology, and a fairly high level of international cooperation. Around this century, people began to shift the direction of nuclear fusion research to the use of superconducting technology to innovate an environment for controlled nuclear fusion. Since China is a leader in the field of superconducting technology in the world, the EAST project was proposed. Chinese meaning It is an “advanced experimental superconducting tokamak”, which is the world’s first fully superconducting tokamak device designed and developed by China. Although the Americans have built similar equipment first, they are far from China in terms of size and performance. Due to the advanced design of this project, foreign counterparts have been attracted to join one after another, and it has become a truly international cooperation project. In 2006, EAST successfully carried out engineering commissioning. Later, the second phase of construction began in 2011. By the beginning of 2015, this test device was not built at one time, but was divided into several phases for continuous upgrading and improvement.

Judging from the current situation, it is no longer a dream for controllable nuclear fusion technology to become a reality. It may be possible to see results in 10 to 20 years. The nuclear fusion reaction will become a reality in the hands of the Chinese. This is of great significance to China. Not only will there be low-cost electricity, but also the Chinese warship will have a very reliable and stable power!

There will never be the most advanced technology in the world. However, on the current basis, it can be deduced that the most advanced technology in stages is the top quantum technology. Quantum communication and quantum computers are just the most basic and preliminary technologies of quantum mechanics. The top quantum technology is quantum replication and quantum transfer technology. The same thing can be copied in an instant. Even anything as large as an aircraft carrier or as small as a needle can be perfectly copied through this technology. There will be no factory concept in the future, only the ability of human beings to design products. Can. Quantum transport technology transfers anything to other places in an instant. In the future, there will be no traffic and geographic differences after the implementation of this technology.

Of course, the development of human society will never stop. In our opinion, the unimaginable technology will probably only be a commodity in the future. But mankind will never stop exploring the unknown world.


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